Business Roles Outside of the Private Sector

Federal Government

Executive Branch: Department of the Treasury, Department of Commerce, Department of Labor, State Department, etc.

  • Sample job roles: financial/budget analysis, accounting

Executive Office of the President of the United States

  • Example 1: Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

Sample job role: budget analysis and execution for POTUS

  • Example 2: Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR)

Sample job roles: financial management, trade negotiations

Pathways Recent Graduates Program and the Presidential Management Fellows Program are notable channels to enter the federal government after undergraduate or graduate school

State & Local Government

State level example: Empire State Development for New York State

Local level example: NYC Mayor’s Office

  • Sample job roles: economic development, financial analysis, data analytics, communications, software engineering


Example 1: U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

  • SEC has divisions for international affairs, investment management, trading, compliance & examinations, accounting, etc.

Example 2: Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC)

  • Sample job roles: accounting, financial budgeting, futures trading investigation

Example 3: Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

  • Sample job role: statistician

Government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) and Federal Home Loan Banks (FHLBs)

GSEs: Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac

  • Sample job roles: data science, risk management, capital markets, financial modelling, financial analysis, communications, marketing, asset management

12 FHLBs in the U.S.

  • Sample job roles: risk management, financial analysis

Central Banks

Federal Reserve System (U.S.)

  • 12 regional reserve banks + Board of Governors in Washington, D.C.
  • Areas: financial regulation & financial institution supervision, monetary policy & operations, financial markets, technology, corporate finance, executive office, data management (data & statistics function)

Other central banks: Bank of England, European Central Bank, Bank of Japan, etc.

International Financial Institutions

International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank, Inter-American Development Bank, World Trade Organization (WTO)

  • Sample job roles: communications, finance, accounting

Political Organizations

Example: political campaigns

  • Sample job roles: accounting, financial budgeting, fundraising (finance department), data analytics, software engineering, communications, advertising, digital media

Think Tanks

Examples: Brookings Institution, Pew Research Center, Manhattan Institute, Center for American Progress, Roosevelt Institute, Peterson Institute, Urban Institute, etc.

  • Sample job roles: accounting, finance, communications, digital media